# Local Weather and Climate

Driving or Multi-dimensional Question:

How can we, as Watershed Representatives, use weather information to plan a safe prescribed burn?

Unit Summary:

Students will be hands on in creating weather tools in order to gain a strong understanding of weather. Students will make daily observations in order to plan a safe prescribed burn.

Hook Event:

What is a prescribed burn?

Students will use approved websites and books to research the answer to these questions. Then, students will present their findings to the class.

Students will then watch a video from Goodfires.org about prescribed burns:

Culminating Event:

Students will be able to identify the optimal weather conditions and suggest a date for a prescribed burn. Students will be able to justify their reasoning with graphs from their daily observations in their weather journal.

## Standards

Science Standards:

3.ESS2: Earth’s systems

3) Use tables, graphs, and tools to describe precipitation, temp, and wind direction and speed to determine local weather and climate.
4) Incorporate weather data to describe major climates.

Math Standards:

3.ESS2.1:
Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step “how many more” and “how many less” problems using information presented in bar graphs.

ELA and Other Standards:

3.W.TTP.1:
Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons.

Speaking and Listening
3. SL. CC.1 Prepare for collaborative discussions of 3rd grade level topics and texts, engage effectively with varied partners, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own ideas clearly.

Created By: Allison Ledford

### Tennessee Academic Standards for Science Connection

Disciplinary Core Idea: Engineering, Technology and the application of Science
Science and Engineering Practices: Analyzing and Interpreting Data
Cross Cutting Concepts: Patterns

### 21st Century Skills

• Critical Thinking
• Communication Skills
• Collaboration (Team Building)
• Creativity and Innovation

## Daily Activities

Activities Resources and Materials
Activity One

After the hook event, students will present their findings. Students will watch the video from goodfires.org to understand more about a prescribed burn. Students will then watch the video from TVA.org to meet the TVA Watershed Representative, and understand more about his career. Students will need to understand how the watershed representative decides whether or not to plan a prescribed burn. Students will be introduced with their guiding questions.

https://www.tva.com/Our-TVA-Story/Damien-Simbeck

Approved websites to research prescribed burns:

https://goodfires.org/

“Tools Measure Weather, “ by National Georgraphic Learning

Activity Two

Students will construct and observe a wind vane in order to understand from which direction the wind is coming. Students will use their weather vane to record the wind direction. Students will confirm their data, by using theweatherchannel.com daily information. Students will deduct why this tool would be important for planning a prescribed burn and write in their weather journals.

Weather vane tools:

straw

paper cup

pencil

tac

plate

Activity Three

Students will construct and observe an anemometer to record the speed of the wind. Students will use their anemometer to record the speed of the wind and confirm their data using theweatherchannel.com. Students will deduct why this would be important for planning a prescribed burn and write in their weather journals.

Anemometer tools:

6 straws

2 cups

pencil

tape

plate

glue

Activity Four

Students will observe and answer questions about a real thermometer and rain gauge. Students will decide what temperature would be best for a prescribed burn, and whether or not precipitation would be good during a prescribed burn. Students will begin 5 days of observation here. Students will graph 4 things each day: wind speed, wind direction, temperature and precipitation.

Thermometer

rain gauge

weather journals

Activity Five

After 5 days of filling out weekly weather on their graphs, students will determine if there was an appropriate day to have a prescribed burn. Students will explain their findings and justify their reasons using their graphs as a visual. Students can choose to present this by making a video, a presentation in front of their peers, or write a persuasive essay.

Technology Integration: Students will use a variety of technology including weather tools, student made weather tools, weather journals, technology to complete research and technology to create a video of students presenting the chosen burn date.

Community Partners Contribution to Learning Experience Contact Information
TVA professional Potential guest speaker or in the field speaker via Skype
Local Meteorologist Potential guest speaker about predicting weather and using weather tools
Firefighters Potential guest speaker to speak about involvement in prescribed burns

Capstone Presentation:

Students will present their weather data in graph form. Students will choose a day from the period we graphed to have a prescribed burn. Students will suggest a day based on their findings of precipitation, temperature, and wind direction to present this day using their graph to the class through choice of a video, presentation or persuasive essay.