The Relationship Between Potential and Kinetic Energy

Driving or Multi-dimensional Question:

How can the speed and weight of an object affect an amount of kinetic energy? What type of energy is created when a brick falls from a wall? Explain how potential energy can be changed into kinetic energy.

Unit Summary:

Students will be participating in multiple hands-on activities developing and using models created with materials such as marbles, dominoes, chalk and balloons. Students will be discovering the relationship between potential energy and kinetic energy. They will also watch videos and play interactive games to help them reach an understanding of how energy is transferred from one form to another. Students will be able to use this understanding to answer the formative assessment question about sledding with a sibling and parent.

Hook Event:

Culminating Event:

 

Standards

Science Standards:

4.PS3.2 Observe and explain the relationship between potential energy and kinetic energy.
4.ETS2.3 Determine the effectiveness of multiple solutions to a design problem given the criteria and the constraints.

Math Standards:

ELA and Other Standards:

Created By: Brittany Crouch and Emily Wong
Grade Level or Subject: 4th Grade

Tennessee Academic Standards for Science Connection

Disciplinary Core Idea: Energy
Science and Engineering Practices: Developing and Using Models
Cross Cutting Concepts: Energy and Matter

21st Century Skills

  • Critical Thinking
  • Communication Skills
  • Collaboration (Team Building)
  • Creativity and Innovation

Daily Activities

  Activities Resources and Materials
Activity One

 

Hook: Potential and Kinetic Energy Prediction Sheet
1. Students will play red light, green light.
2. Students will watch videos and experiment with a pendulum.
3. Students will complete marbles with ruler station.
4. Students will complete marble run.

Cars and Cups Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XU_rMVd6DkU

Seesaw Acrobats Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A3z6mbx2Wwo

Bowling Ball Pendulum Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=09x_UZ-BtF8

Materials:
• Pendulum
• Ruler with groove in center
• Marbles—big, medium and small
• Tape measure
• Milk carton
• Incline plane/ramp (ex: textbooks with binder)

Activity Two

Investigation:
1. Chalk drop station
2. Balloons station
3. Dominoes station

Dominoes Video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ARM42-eorzE

Materials:
• Pieces of chalk
• Tape measure
• Balloons
• Dominoes

 

Activity Three

Game Time:
1. Students will play interactive roller coaster game.
2. Students will play millionaire game.

Roller Coaster Game:
https://unctv.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/hew06.sci.phys.maf.rollercoaster/energy-in-a-roller-coaster-ride/#.WzUuQqdKjIU

Millionaire Game:

https://www.quia.com/rr/37397.html
Activity Four
 

Independent Study:
1. Watch Currents of Change video.
2. Read hydro energy article.
3. Watch Rivers to Power video.

Currents of Change:
http://www.currentsofchange.net/tennessee-history-videos/

Hydro Energy Article:

http://www.kids.esdb.bg/hydro.html

Rivers to Power Video:

http://fwee.org/nw-hydro-tours/rivers-to-power-video/
Activity Five

Field Trip:
Visit to Cheatham County or other dam

Contact Local Dam:
https://www.tva.com/Energy/Our-Power-System/Hydroelectric

Technology Integration:

Business Partner Contribution to Learning Experience Contact Information
Cheatham Lake Resource Manager’s Office Students will get to see first hand the potential energy of water transforming into kinetic energy. 615-792-5697
Find a Dam Near You Students will get to see firsthand the potential energy of water transforming into kinetic energy. https://www.tva.com/Energy/Our-Power-System/Hydroelectric

Capstone Presentation:

A. You and your younger sibling wake up one winter morning and discover that the outside is covered in a blanket of white powdery snow. You quickly get your warm snow clothes on and grab your sled. You and your sibling decide to race down the hill in your backyard. However, when you say, “Go!” your sibling’s sled doesn’t move. How can you explain the relationship between potential and kinetic energy to your sibling to help him/her understand why the sled won’t move?

B. Your dad comes outside to join the sledding fun. You race your dad, but he wins every time. Why does your dad beat you to the bottom of the hill even though you both have the same sled? Can you and your sibling use your knowledge of potential and kinetic energy to figure out a way to win the race against your dad?

Project files